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How can I clean and restore all the items in my home that have been affected by mold?

Follow the guidelines below to clean areas affected by mold that are less than 10 square feet. For larger areas, contact an industrial hygenist.

  • Books and papers: After the item has thoroughly dried, use a High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) vacuum. Dispose of the contents of the HEPA vacuum in well-sealed plastic bags.
  • Carpet and backing: Wet vacuum the surface. Iin the case of porous materials, some mold spores/fragments will remain in the material but will not grow if the material is completely dried. Steam cleaning may be an alternative for carpets and some upholstered furniture. After the item has thoroughly dried, use a High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) vacuum. Dispose of the contents of the HEPA vacuum in well-sealed plastic bags.
  • Concrete or cinderblock: Use the same methods described in Carpet and backing.
  • Hard surface, porous flooring: (linoleum, ceramic tile, vinyl): Damp-wipe surfaces with plain water or with water and detergent solution(except wood —use wood floor cleaner); scrub as needed. Or, wet vacuum the surface. After the item has thoroughly dried, use a High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) vacuum. Dispose of the contents of the HEPA vacuum in well-sealed plastic bags.
  • Non-porous, hard surfaces: (plastics, metals): Use the same methods described in Hard surface, porous flooring.
  • Upholstered furniture & drapes: Use the same methods described in Carpet and backing.
  • Wallboard (drywall and gypsum board): Use the same methods described in Books and papers.
  • Wood surfaces: Use the same methods described in Hard surface, porous flooring.

For more information, consult the EPA’s recommendations forInvestigating, Evaluating, and Remediating Moisture and Mold Problems – Table 2:  Guidelines for Remediating Building Materials with Mold Growth Caused by Clean Water.

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